Understanding formation of vulnerabilities and risk in coastal regions
Assessing vulnerability and risk is very present on the international scientific agenda, with significant work on the analysis assessment of vulnerability and risk. However, there is still limited knowledge about the underlying factors of vulnerability and risk conditions, although understanding these factors is emphasized as essential in disaster preparedness and risk governance. This deficit is particularly serious in the context of coastal risks where uneven and often rapid development, combined with the local impacts of climate change include expected increasing frequency and intensity of weather-related hazards (e.g., floods, storms, etc.) (Pelling and Blackburn, 2013).
PEARL will then develop the PEARL Risk and Root Cause Assessment (RRCA) approach providing a framework for analysing the production of risk and vulnerability in coastal regions. RRCA furthermore extends the given FORIN methodology (IRDR, 2011) in three directions, each responding to a gap in methods and knowledge:
- Refining the scaled analysis of disaster causation;
- Including response and reconstruction as periods generating impact and
- Integrating quantitative and discursive assessment of vulnerability.
Within PEARL, we will be to reconfigure the methodology so that can also be applied to smaller, locally important events. Building on the fact that EU member states have already completed conducting a preliminary flood risk assessment, the PEARL RRCA approach puts particular emphasis on risk management, land-use planning and early warning, thus, providing valuable information and methodological basis for the next steps of the EU Flood Directive implementation agenda (e.g. flood risk maps and flood risk management plans).